ICOM’s Definition of a Museum

The ICOM’s definition of museum is an open, non-profit institution dedicated to acquiring, preserving, communicating, and exhibiting the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of humanity. The term includes live museums. The term is applied without limitation to the governing body, collections, and orientation. The committee’s findings suggest that many museums are ready for a major update. The process will begin in December 2020, and conclude by the beginning of May 2022.


The purpose of a museum varies from institution to institution. Some focus on conservation over education. In Canada, for instance, the Canada Science and Technology Museum displays objects in the context of their functions and eras. In one exhibit, a historical printing press was displayed, and a member of the staff used it to produce museum memorabilia. Other museums aim to serve a diverse public. The LDS Church History Museum collects significant objects and uses them to illustrate its mission and history.

In the United States, museums are public institutions with collections of objects and artifacts. They are organized to serve both researchers and the public. Most museums are located in major cities, while many smaller museums are located in cities throughout the country. The purposes of a museum are diverse. Its primary purpose is to preserve artifacts and records of past civilizations. Whether or not a museum serves its purpose depends on how it defines the museum.

The first consultation was an opportunity for museum definition committees to provide reports on their activities. A total of 23 national and six international committees participated. One affiliated organization and a working group were also invited to give input on their interpretations of the definition of a museum. The results of the consultation will help the ICOM’s methodology in the subsequent steps. The ICOM’s Standing Committee on Museum Definition has taken the next step in defining a museum.

In a museum, the objects and artifacts are stored and preserved. Some of them are accessible to the general public. There are many ways to interpret a museum’s collection. Its mission statement, for example, can include the historical background of a specific object. However, the most important part of a museum is its mission. Its mission is to serve the general public. Its primary function is to provide information for the research community.

The purpose of a museum is to preserve and exhibit a collection of objects. A museum is a place where people can learn about a culture. Hence, it should be a place where people of different ethnicities and cultures can share knowledge. A museum can also host exhibitions of art. Its role in a city is multifaceted. During a conference, the organization can showcase its work. There are many different types of institutions.