Generally, railway stations are located at the points where two or more lines intersect. These are the places where trains stop and pick up or drop off passengers. They are also the places where trains merge and diverge, as well as the places for maintenance and formation of trains. They are also the places where passengers can buy tickets.
Railway stations are also important for providing shelter from adverse weather conditions. They are ideal locations for people to gather. They are also good locations to meet and talk. This is why the design of the station must be comfortable and pleasing to the eye. Whether a station is open or closed, it should be convenient for the passengers.
One of the most important features of a station is its platform width. It must be wide enough to accommodate the largest numbers of passengers. However, it must also provide free visual areas along the length of the platform, allowing passengers to observe the signs on the tracks. A station must also include ramps at level changes to accommodate disabled passengers and other passengers who may fall on the tracks. These features should be carefully planned and built to protect the safety of passengers.
Railway stations should also have adequate entrances. They should provide good access to the main facilities, such as ticket offices and restrooms. They should also include information inquiry points and refreshment rooms. They should also provide help desks to ensure that trains are dispatched properly.
The station should be a well-maintained and safe facility for all passengers. In addition, the station should be well-organized and efficiently designed. This is especially important in the case of emergencies. The station should have enough parking spaces to accommodate incoming and outgoing traffic, and should have good pedestrian routes for general circulation. It should also have the ability to accommodate luggage and other passengers. The station should have adequate facilities and services, including toilets, food and drinks. It should also have a well-managed ticket office.
The design of a station must also consider the special needs of the physically impaired and hearing impaired. This is especially important in a city where people of different ages and ability levels depend on the railway for their daily commuting needs.
In addition, the station design must take into account the special needs of wheelchair-bound passengers. They must have access to the station’s main facilities, such as the ticket offices, restrooms, and toilets. They also need to have easy access to the train. The design should include large clocks with the correct time, as well as guide maps that are easy to read. It should also provide parking lots, and taxi services to help passengers get to and from the station.
In addition, the station should provide sufficient entrances to the different sides of the railway route. In the case of a standard ro-ro station, the train enters at one end and leaves at the other. This means that the entrance gangway has steps that are fitted on either side.