What Is a Museum?


A museum is an institution where artifacts and objects are cared for and displayed. These objects often have historical or cultural importance, and many public museums also make these items available to the public for viewing. A museum’s exhibits can be either permanent or temporary. You can learn about different museums, including the history of a place, the artifacts on display, and the activities offered. To start, you should learn what a museum is and why you should visit one.

Objects in a museum

Objects in museums are often made of tangible heritage, including artifacts from ancient times and relics of human civilizations. While it is possible to create replicas of objects to preserve them, most museums consider the original items central to the learning experience. Here are some ways that museums preserve these objects:

Functions of a museum

There are several distinct functions of a museum. The first two are essential for providing the institution with services, while the third relates to the development of research and enrichment activities. While the first two are important, the third is an ancillary purpose that is derived from the need to become more competitive. These functions are discussed in this article in an Italian context, but their generalization can be made to other settings. Listed below are the primary functions of a museum.

Structure of a museum

A review of the organizational chart of a typical museum reveals significant relationships among the departments. Some departments have separate directors and report to different division heads. Others may have a single director overseeing a broad range of activities, such as education and curatorial. Some museums consolidate the functions of several departments under a chief operating officer or deputy director. It is important to note that museum structures may not be identical in every institution, though some of the organizational chart differences may be minor.

Activities offered by a museum

There are a variety of activities offered by museums, but not all of them are appropriate for children. In order to make learning fun for children, you may want to offer them a thought game. These games typically last between five and 30 minutes, and help students focus their exploration of the museum galleries. The games can be adapted to accommodate various age groups and learning styles. Below are a few examples. Read on to find out more about the different activities offered by museums.

Examples of museums around the world

Thousands of museums around the world display the world’s cultural heritage. Some exhibit works from a single country or location, while others display masterpieces from all over the globe. Examples of world-class museums include the Louvre, the Uffizi, and the MOMA. You can spend hours exploring each of these collections. A list of museums is endless. But if you are short on time, take a day to visit one of these gems.

Types of museums

Museums are grouped into several categories based on their purpose. These include specialty museums, general museums, and local museums. A general museum is one that serves a region or community and is usually founded on civic pride or a desire to increase knowledge of the locality. These types of museums are widespread throughout North and South America and western and eastern Europe. They often contain a broad variety of exhibits that reflect local history and culture.