What is a Museum?

ICOM has defined museums as permanent institutions for conserving and displaying collections of cultural, scientific, and/or historical value. Elaine Heumann Gurian defines the term museum as a place where people study, collect, preserve, or perform scientific research. She suggests 11 categories to categorize museums. Some focus on objects, others on the nation state, and some have a mixture of both. According to Heumann Gurian, the purpose of the categories is to give guideline, not the final word.


The first step in the museum definition process is to define the institution. It is the institution that protects artifacts from all over the world. These objects represent human knowledge, understanding, and beauty. Educating future generations about the history of different cultures is an important purpose of museums. While many of these organizations may be concerned about the financial aspect of running a museum, they can benefit from the educational programs that they offer. Here are some benefits of museums.

As for the role of a museum, it is not limited to exhibiting artifacts. Aside from preserving the history of a culture, it also provides an opportunity for people to learn about the past and present. Today, a wide variety of museums exist in every city. There are major global museums, but thousands of smaller, local institutions also exist. In general, museums serve as a valuable resource for researchers and the general public.

The word museum has a long and respectable history. In 1776, Emanuel Mendes da Costa wrote about museographists. In 1881, Zeitschrift fur Museologie und Antiquitatenkunde appeared in Dresden. Since then, the two terms have become synonymous. The former aims to encompass the study of museums, while museography focuses more on the theory and practice of museums. So what is a museum?

The definition of a museum is not a simple choice. It is a complicated topic and can have varying levels of complexity. While some governments prefer a definition of a museum as a “house of collection” and other institutions value its role in the community, a museum is not a static entity. It is a place for people to engage in politics and learn more about their culture. In addition to being a cultural institution, a museum can be a research center.

Among the various types of museums in the United States, the National Mall is home to a variety of types of museums. Listed below are some of the most popular categories: ethnographic museum, natural history museum, and more. There are thousands of smaller museums, but most of them are geared toward a particular theme or era. It is important to understand the purpose of a museum, and how it can influence the culture of a city.

A museum has many functions, and is run by a director. Curators are responsible for caring for museum objects and arranging exhibits. Large museums usually have education and research departments. The director is the chief executive of a museum. They usually report to a higher body. But the director is an important part of a museum. It is vital to the success of a museum and its mission. If you are looking for a career in a field of history, a museum will have to have a staff who has a passion for it.